How should the poetry of the nation sound? What should be its linguistic, thematic and ideological physiognomy? What should be its social and national role? These are questions that arise urgently in the thirty years before the Revolution in the perspective of cultural renaissance. The different answers are expressed through controversies, competitions, poetic manifestos and various other literary densities. These fermentations, in which political expediencies are sometimes hidden, lead to the emergence of a public space around the literature of the nation with aesthetic and ideological characteristics that will survive later. This book seeks to identify and describe traces of these developments, with the intention of showing their literary unity and their importance for shaping the new poetry of the nation.